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Travel Guide: Kvarken Archipelago in Bothnian Bay , Finland #travel

Kvarken Archipelago

Bothnian Bay , Finland

The Kvarken Archipelago (Finland) and the High Coast (Sweden) are situated in the Gulf of Bothnia, a northern extension of the Baltic Sea. The 5,600 islands of the Kvarken Archipelago feature unusual ridged washboard moraines, ‘De Geer moraines’, formed by the melting of the continental ice sheet, 10,000 to 24,000 years ago. The Archipelago is continuously rising from the sea in a process of rapid glacio-isostatic uplift, whereby the land, previously weighed down under the weight of a glacier, lifts at rates that are among the highest in the world. As a consequence islands appear and unite, peninsulas expand, and lakes evolve from bays and develop into marshes and peat fens. The High Coast has also been largely shaped by the combined processes of glaciation, glacial retreat and the emergence of new land from the sea. Since the last retreat of the ice from the High Coast 9,600 years ago, the uplift has been in the order of 285 m which is the highest known ''rebound''. The site affords outstanding opportunities for the understanding of the important processes that formed the glaciated and land uplift areas of the Earth''s surface.

Map of Kvarken Archipelago

More info about Bothnian Bay

Coronavirus in Bothnian Bay

As much as it pains us to say, now is not the best time to be boarding that plane, boat or train. More and more countries are going into COVID-19 lockdown and closing their borders, which is making it virtually impossible to travel anyway. You can track the current coronavirus right now.

Culture in Bothnian Bay

We've written a very extensive guide filled with insightfull comments and handy tips and tricks about all the aspects to traveling in Finland. We've summarized the most critical things below, but you can discover more information in our detailed guide to Finland.

Money in Bothnian Bay

Currencie(s): Euro

  • 1 Euro = 1.21 $
  • 1 Euro = 0.89 £

Tipping: Not customary and never expected.

Corruption: Finland has a corruption score of 15 out of 100.
If your itinerary runs through Finland, you're pretty safe. According to Transparency International, Finland is one of the least corrupt nations around the world.

Finland is not concidered to be a dangerous country, with a Global Peace Index of 1.49 out of 4.
This report is the only one of its kind that measures how dangerous or safe a nation is based on 23 different indicators, including political terror, deaths from internal conflict, murder rate, and ease of access to small arms and light weapons.

Language in Bothnian Bay

Language(s): Finnish & Swedish

Food & Drinks in Bothnian Bay

3 National dishes: Karjalanpaisti, Mämmi & Sautéed Reindeer.

Tap Water: It's safe to drink tap water.

Drinking age: The minimum age for drinking in Bothnian Bay is 18.
Off-premise age minimum is 18 for beer and wine/20 for spirits.

Religion in Bothnian Bay

Finland is NOT considered as a religious country. According to the Gallup Poll in 2009 research, only 28% of the population thinks religion is important in their daily life. More info about this study can be found here. The religous adherents are Lutheran National Church 84.2%, Greek Orthodox in Finland 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 13.5% (2003). Read this article about the impact of religion on your travel plans.

Sex & Relationships in Bothnian Bay

Age of Consent: 16 years.

Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is legalized in Finland since 2017.

Finland scores a 9/10 on the 'Gay Travel Index'.

National Sports in Bothnian Bay

A lot of countries and cultures have an obsession with sports, almost reaching religious proportions. In this case, Pesäpallo is Finland their national sport.

Other practical tips for Bothnian Bay

Timezone: UTC+02:00

Driving: Right-hand traffic.

Power adapters and converters: 230 V (50 Hz), Plug C / F

Pollution (PM2.5 fine dust particles): 5.86 µg/m3
PM2.5 Fine dust particulates can be carried deep into the lungs where they can cause inflammation and a worsening of the condition of people with heart and lung diseases. The smaller the particles the deeper they travel into the lungs, with more potential for harm. Note that the World Health Organisation's guideline value is 20 µg/m3. So you have nothing to worry about when travelling to Finland.

Fly to Bothnian Bay , Finland

Other of interesting places in Finland